How To Make An Enamel Pin, Pt. 2: Creating the Pin

So we've arrived at the most important part - how do you actually make an enamel pin?

STEP 1: FIND A MANUFACTURER

There are lots of places to get pins made, so you'll have to search the Googles for the one that rocks your world. For my pin I'm going to use Awesome Merchandise because I have some experience with them for my other pins and merch. No this is not a sponsored blog post, and yes I do recommend you research the manufacturer that works best for you. Things to consider when choosing yours are shipping fees, time to manufacture, cost, and minimum order quantities, as well as any "shop local" or environmental concerns you may personally value.

STEP 2: READ THE SPECS

Once you've found the manufacturer you want to use it is EXTREMELY important that you read the specifications they give you for the file you're going to send them. For Awesome Merch, the specs for the soft enamel pin with paper backing that I'm ordering are like this:

Backer Dimensions: Finished Size: 5cm x 8cm

The starting point and most important aspect of a printing job is your design. Making sure that your artwork file is sent across to us correctly is crucial...

Colour Format: CMYK
File Format: PSD, AI, PDF, JPEG, TIFF, EPS
File Resolution: 300dpi

A few tips to get awesome results...

  1. Create your artwork with the resolution at 300dpi - the larger and clearer your file is, the better the end result.  Please note, we don’t accept 72dpi files as they are not usually adequate to create a quality job.
  2. Each colour has to be separated by a line of raised metal, the minimum line thickness is 0.2mm, the minimum colour area is 0.3mm
  3. If you're using text, please set your font to at least 5pt. 
  4. Clearly indicate which areas of your design you would like filling by using the correct colour values along side your artwork - we recommend Pantone Solid Coated guide. 

Note that "Backer Dimensions" refers to the paper backing the pin comes on. The rest of the specs refer to the files for both the paper backing image and the pin itself.

STEP 3: KNOW THE THINGS YOU'LL NEED

To make a pin you're going to need to make nice with technology. I use Photoshop to make my pins because it's the digital program that I hate the least while using, but you can use any software that results in a file format that your manufacturer accepts. You're also going to need to pretend that the pen tool is something you enjoy working with and know how to use. If you're anything like me that's going to require some doing, so if you don't know how to use the pen tool well I suggest looking up tutorials for free on Youtube, or a subscription based place like Skillshare if you're already a member. Yes this is a pain, but it's necessary to make those sweet sweet pins. And pro tip of the day here: once you start making the pin with the pen tool save your file compulsively - you really don't want to lose your progress and have to start over.

STEP 4: KNOW WHAT YOU'RE MAKING

Doodling with the pen tool is no one's idea of a good time, so I really recommend that you draw your pin old school on paper and scan it in, or digitally with a tablet before you start making the pin. You can then trace over your design with the pen tool and save yourself some time fiddling. For my snail pin I was using an old drawing from a sketchbook, so I scanned that in and pen tooled over it. I suggest that you try to keep your drawing/pin idea simple, especially if you're new to the pen tool, because details are hard and pins are pretty small anyway, so use detail wisely. The snail below is the drawing I was referring to for this pin, but I'm only using it as reference for the overall shape of things. It's WAY more detailed than it needs to be, because I didn't draw it with the intention of making it a pin originally.

colored pencil garden snail wildlife illustration animal illustration

 

STEP 5: CREATE THE FILE TO MEET THE SPECS

For my specs I created a file that was 12cmx12cm which is larger than the pin will end up being but close enough. I made sure that my file was set to 300dpi and the the color mode was set to CMYK for printing. Note that I'm making a soft enamel pin here, not a hard one, and the difference is that soft pins have raised metal lines and the paint/color is poured into the depressed areas of the metal like water filling a pool. So the last thing I did was set the width of the line on my pen tool to 0.6pt, keeping in mind the conversion rate between the 0.2mm minimum line thickness the manufacturer requires and the thickness I wanted my lines to be at the end. I also have to keep in mind while making my design that the minimum thickness required for any area of color is 0.3mm and can't be any smaller. This is basically 1.5 times my minimum line width so I just use that as a guide and eyeball it. I'll show you the layers of pen tool shapes that make up my snail pin in case that helps you visualize what you're going to do.

snail enamel pin pen tool how to make enamel pin

STEP 6: YOU'VE MADE THE DESIGN, NOW WHAT?

So you set up you file, you traced over your drawing with the pen tool, and now it looks like a pin. The next step in an ideal world would be to whip out your Pantone Solid Coated Guidebook, visually compare the colors to what you see on the screen, jot them down on your pin file as notes for the printer, and call it a day. But because Pantone guides are expensive and I don't have one, what I do here is look up a free PDF of it online and compare that way. THIS IS NOT IDEAL, and the reason is because CMYK colors for printed materials and RGB colors for digital viewing display differently and don't always match the way your eye thinks they will. As an example of what this can lead to I will show you the file I sent for my shark pin, and the result I got back after it was printed.

great white shark enamel pin design nature wildlife illustration how to

One is pastel and the other is a shark flavored candy corn. Much sighing occured. Alternately I used the same method to match colors for my Orca pin and it turned out swimmingly, as you can see on the before and after for that pin below.

orca killer whale enamel pin design how to nature wildlife art

So until I can get my grubby paws on a Pantone Guidebook I'm going to do my best to visually match things on the computer, and I'm going to ask Awesome Merchandise to send me a proof of the pin (fancy printer words for getting an example of the pin) before making the entire order of them so I can see how it looks and make changes before I end up with 100 messed up looking snails.

STEP 7: SEND IT TO THE MANUFACTURER

The last thing you'll do is send the file to the manufacturer, taking care to make everything as clear as possible for them and meeting all the criteria they gave you in the specs. With Awesome Merchandise I make sure to check my email frequently because if they have any questions or issues that come up with my file they'll reach out to me and I'll have to correct it before the printing can continue. So that about covers it from start to finish on how to make a pin and I really hope it helps if you're new to it and want to get started building your own pin empire. If you haven't seen the first part of this post which covers how I made the paper backing for this pin you can find it here.

How To Make An Enamel Pin, Pt. 1: Negative Painting Technique

Enamel Pin Design Process

Greetings all. Today I wanted to begin sharing the process of making an enamel pin, starting with designing and painting the paper backing the pin will come on. If you're unfamiliar with negative painting, I'll show you the steps I took and recommend some great videos that show the process in depth if you want to try it on your own.

As for making the pin, I know I'm ordering my pin through Awesome Merchandise, so the first step was downloading their art template so I knew the shape of the paper pin backing I should design for, and then thinking of what I wanted to put on it. I decided on a leafy wonderland for the snail I'm making into a pin and then got to painting.

What Is Negative Painting?

Negative painting isn't about painting in a bad mood. It's actually about painting the space around the object you're trying to show. For my example here, I painted a leafy, leafy world for my new snail pin to live in. So instead of painting the leaves themselves, I painted around the leaves, darkening the empty spaces to leave bright leaf shapes behind. Here are the pics I took of this painting at each stage.

botanical watercolor illustration negative painting

As you can see, I first laid down a wash of color that covered the whole paper, then drew some leaves on it. I then painted a darker layer of paint around those leaves. I repeated this process 5 times until I ended up with my finished leaf painting.

Designing Your Background in Photoshop

Next I took the finished painting into Photoshop to lay some experimental text over it and see how it would look as a pin backing for my snail. I haven't actually made the snail pin yet, but because I'm basing it on a snail sticker I've already made, I used the sticker as a placeholder for the pin to see if I like the direction it's going in.

enamel-pin-background-design-watercolor-negative-painting-snail-illustration-botanical-watercolor

Learning Resources For Negative Painting

Here are some links to some great videos showing the negative painting process on Youtube. These videos are by great artists with fantastic channels and I recommend checking out their work.

  • Video 1: PearFleur painting a girl and her fish squad
  • Video 2: PearFleur painting lilypads
  • Video 3: Iraville painting a snowy town
  • Video 4: Iraville painting cheeky bears

Next time I'll be sharing the rest of the pin making process, so stop in to see the finished snail pin! 

Paint Da Sharks

As promised I'm back today with some painting process stuff. I'm painting a series of sharks to make a taxonomy of them to sell alongside my dolphin and crystal prints at Crafty Wonderland. Even though they aren't conceptual pieces, I'm trying out some different painting techniques than usual and thought I'd share the joy. Today I'll be focusing on a Thresher Shark I've painted. Here's the initial sketch I spent all of 5 minutes on.

Thresher Shark Sketch Painting Process

You can see I just focused on the form of the shark and made a couple lines to note the curves of the form, meaning that the top is lighter then the middle or bottom, etc. Okay, so now for the good stuff. I heard somewhere that if you tend to use desaturated color you should make your underpainting really saturated and have decided to start trying that. For this series I also decided to play with hue by using whatever color I felt like, reality be damned, and only concerning myself with the saturation of the color to make the shape of the shark make sense in space. So here is a pic of my first hideous layer of paint for this guy.

Thresher Shark Underpainting Painting Process

I know, it's like "shield your eyes" right? While I painted this layer I looked at shark reference photos to determine what colors I could find in their bods, and then threw in some hot pinks and lime greens because I felt like. As I layered more gouache over the shark, I continued to focus on making shark body parts that were farther away from me less saturated and maintaining a soft lighting scheme. A few layers later he looked like this.

Thresher Shark Painting Process Layering Gouache

So by this point the shark is starting to make a little more sense I think. I've already made a lot of notes with my colors and have pretty much stopped looking at any reference images by now. Now I'm just working on making my shark seem dimensional. So I paint paint paint until he looks like this.

Painting Thresher Shark in Gouache Process

By this point a lot of the work is done, but detailing becomes really important. For instance the eye and face of the shark needed more definition at this stage. And I wanted to be sure to add highlights to make him look more fishy. I also wanted to darken his belly a bit to make him seem rounder. So I addressed all the things and here's a pic of the finished shark as he actually looks, as well as a picture of him after I took him into photoshop and played with hue until I found out it would have been better if I'd made him red.

Gouache Painting Thresher Sharks Illustration

The above infographic is brought to you by The Curious Wild, proving once again that hindsight is 20/20 and that red is better. Thanks for stopping by and, until next time, stay wild my dudes.

Baby Turtles and 2018 Goals

Hey everyone and happy new year! I'm off to a late start this year, having come down with the flu of death a few weeks ago and only recently recovered. But I'm better now and have recently finished my first painting of 2018, a little Burmese Star Tortoise that I'll be hanging in Townshend's Tea House on Mississippi next month along with some other originals and prints. If you're in the PDX area, please stop by and take a look!

burmese-tortoise

I made a process video showing the stages of painting this turtle that will be up on my Instagram later today if you'd like to see the steps I took. I painted this guy in acrylic gouache, a medium I have yet to comprehend and have much to learn about.

2018 Illustration Goals

I really appreciate hearing other artists share their goals for the year, so I thought I'd share mine with you.  These are just a few, but I'm sure that I'll be adding more to the list as the year kicks in!

  • Participate in my first Art Fair. I've never gone out and gotten a booth at a fair or convention before and this year is the year I want to take that step.
  • Start accepting commissions. I want to start accepting commissions from individuals as well as editorial work. 
  • Maintain a better work/life balance. I realized this last year that I wasn't making enough time for myself and my wellbeing in my schedule. So this year I'm trying to take weekends off, get back into some yoga classes, and make sure to get out into nature more.
  • Sketchbooks! I really want to up my sketchbooking game this year, and instead of only using sketch time to study anatomy, or practice values, etc...I want to just stop thinking and sketch for fun. I like to imagine it like stream-of-consciousness writing - I don't care if I understand why I'm drawing a pigeon, I want to just let myself draw that pigeon without caring if it's anatomically accurate. I can worry about those things later, I just want to get the sketch down and play with things for fun. Yay for self expression.
  • Requisite art goals. The ones we all have. Improve my color choices, push my gestures, emphasize values and relationships, get loose where I should be loose and tight where I should be tight. And so on and so forth - far too many things to mention that I want to improve in my craft.

So those are a few of the more important goals I have this year. I'd love to hear what goals you have for your creative life this year so please feel free to let me know in the comments. See you next time!